1976 Harley-Davidson FLH Electra-Glide Vetter Liberator
Elvis Presley's Motorcycles

Elvis and Tori Petty in Memphis on his new 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 "Liberator" - April 3, 1976
Photo courtesy Brian Petersen

In March of 1976 Elvis bought another Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Electra-Glide. It was the first of several he bought that year but the only one we've seen pictures of him riding. It was a black 1976 Liberator model, named that because of the type of fairing it came equipped with, though the bike itself was basically a black metallic "Liberty Edition". Up until then Elvis didn't seem partial to fairings but unlike the fork mounted hollow "batwing" fairing originally designed and offered by Harley-Davidson, the Liberator, designed and built by the Vetter Fairing Company, was mounted to the frame and offered improved aerodynamics and handling.

The living room at 212 West Springfiled in Champaign, IL where Craig built his first fairings
Photo Craig Vetter

Craig Vetter started designing and building frame mounted fairings in October of 1966 in the living room of his rented home in Champaign, IL. His first was for his Yamaha 305 and then he began showing his friends how to build them from the molds. By February of 1967 he had built around 10 and took out his first ad in the March 1967 issue of Cycle World magazine.1

With two of the fairings taking ad photos in February 1967 and the first ad in Cycle World March 1967
Photos Craig Vetter, and Cycle World

By 1970 he offered and was building five different versions specifically designed to fit a particular brand and model motorcycle (basically Japanese, BMW, BSA and Triumphs). He found it difficult to keep the molds in good shape and noted that it was impossible for a dealer to stock a particular fairing a customer might want.1

1971 Windjammer price sheet
Photo Craig Vetter

In the winter of 1970 he began designing a universal fairing that would fit any motorcycle. Noticing the top portions were all pretty much the same he cut the bottom off one of his fairings designed for a Honda 750, put it on a Kawasaki 500, then Honda, BMW and Suzuki. It fit and the ride was quieter. This was the beginning of what would become the Windjammer and it immediately obsolesced his other designs and interest in them. Staring in 1971 they produced over 400,000 in six variations over the next eight years.1

Craig designing the Liberator in 1973, Charley Perenthian on the first, and Willie G. Davidson looks it over with Vetter's Tony Salsbury and Jim Miller in January of 1974

Photos Craig Vetter

In 1973 Craig contacted Harley-Davidson to inquire about building a frame mounted fairing for the FLH. Naturally, Harley was interested so they began a design. Craig said he had the name for it already, the "Liberator," like the WWII B-24 bomber his father had been a crew chief on during WW II. He liked the idea of making a "big bomber of a fairing."1

A Liberator on a 1975 FLH and Tony Salsbury with Derek Rickman inspecting shipments to Harley-Davidson
Photos Craig Vetter

Noting that the FLH was the definitive cross - country cruiser of America, they wanted this fairing to offer the most protection possible. They mounted dual sealed beam headlights in the fairing along with the auxiliary lamps and turn signals. Getting all those Harley lights in there was a challenge. I hoped to be able to put a clear, rounded cover over the front, but the laws at that time would not allow it. On the inside were two large storage compartments and instrumentation. The Liberator made its debut in Las Vegas in 1975.1 We don't know if Elvis saw one there first.

Elvis and Tori Petty on his 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Liberator April 3, 1976 and the inside of the Liberator fairing
Photos courtesy Brian Petersen and Craig Vetter

The Liberator and the Vetter Fairing Company were short lived. Less than about 5,000 ever made it to market. Most were lost along with the molds in a fire at the company in January of 1977. In November of 1978 Craig sold the company and by 1983 it had gone bankrupt.

Elvis entering Graceland in the 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Liberator - ca. mid 1976
Photo courtesy FECC

Elvis with Linda Thompson and with Billy Smith entering Graceland - ca. Oct. 1976
Photo courtesy FECC

Like most of the FLHs produced in 1976 the saddle bags had Red, White and Blue reflectors, acknowledging the nation's 200th birthday, and once again the Electra-Glide name was back on the bike (on the reflector). In October of 1999 Graceland did some housecleaning in their archives and held a big auction at the MGM Grand in Las Vegas. One of the items they sold was an AMF Owner ID for a 1976 Harley. In the catalog they mis-described it as being for a red, white and blue bicentennial model. Harley-Davidson never made one as described, offering instead that year the "Liberty Edition," a full dressed black FLH with "batwing" fairing emblazoned with Eagle decals, a theme that, combined with their shield, is still used today. 

Elvis's Harley-Davidson owner ID and the 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Liberator at Graceland - early 1980s
Photos EPE, Inc. and FECC

The ID and corresponding VIN are quite likely the card that came with Elvis' Liberator. The number identifies it as an FLH with a sequence number of 25,334 made for the model year 1976. It bears a delivery date of March 25 and the earliest pictures of him riding the Liberator are from that April.

Elvis' 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Liberator on display at Graceland - Dec. 17, 2008
Photo Paul & Kelly

The fairings bore the "AMF Harley-Davidson" name and though bikes of that era are often frowned upon, that opinion is not completely deserving. To give credit to AMF, if they hadn't come along in 1969 and taken H-D in tow, the Motor Company might only be a golf-cart manufacturer today.* In 1969, sales revenues of all products were just over $49 million. When the turnover took place in 1981, sales had risen to $300 million.2  In 1979 Harley-Davidson introduced the Tour-Glide which had a larger frame and engine and their own frame mounted fairing.  Today, the Harley-Davidson Road-Glide carries on the frame mounted fairing tradition.

Elvis' 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Liberator on display in Brazil - Sept. 23, 2012
Photo Leandro Rocha Egon

Elvis' 1976 Harley-Davidson FLH 1200 Liberator remains part of the collection at Graceland, and on occasion goes on tour.

page added October 5, 2015


Special thanks to FECC's DJC for identification of Tori Petty as passenger in April 1972 photos.

1 according to or quoted from Craig Vetter at Vetter Classic American Design
2 excerpt from Classic Harley Big Twins : Knucklehead, Panhead, Shovelhead By Greg Field, Tom Murphy

* Elvis had at least two golf carts that were made by Harley-Davidson and are also still part of Graceland's collection.

Elvis' Liberator was essentially a 1976 Liberty Edition like this with the Vetter Liberator fairing.


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